Food & Feed Research

ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF ESSENTIAL OILS AGAINST Listeria monocytogenes

DOI: UDK:
665.52:615.279]:579.86
JOURNAL No:
Volume 45, Issue 1
PAGES
37-44
KEYWORDS
Listeria monocytogenes, antimicrobial activity, essential oils, antibiotics, broth micro-dilution method, MIC Test Strip
TOOLS Creative Commons License
Ružica M. Tomičić*1, Ivana S. Čabarkapa2, Ana O. Varga2, Zorica M. Tomičić2
1 University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technology, Bulevar cara Lazara 1, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
2 University of Novi Sad, Institute of Food Technology, Bulevar cara Lazara 1, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia

ABSTRACT

Food poisoning caused by Listeria monocytogenes leads to a 30% rate of mortality among patients. The application of essential oils (EOs) to food products is a suitable strategy to control pathogens and to extend their shelf life by reducing microbial levels. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of essential oils (EOs) against L. monocytogenes. The EOs used in this study were caraway (Carum carvi), cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), dill (Anethum graveolens), clove (Syzygium aromaticum), mentha (Menthae piperitae aetheroleum), red thyme (Thymus vulgaris), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), common sage (Salvia officinalis), clary sage (Salvia sclarea) and summer savory (Satureja hortensis). The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of EOs were determined using the broth microdilution method. According to the MIC values, all essential oils were effective in the inhibition of L. monocytogenes strains, with MICs varying from 256 μg/ml to 4096 μg/ml. The results showed that cinnamon EO had the highest antimicrobial activity, while dill and mentha EOs were the least effective against the L. monocytogenes. In addition, two different procedures were carried out to test the effect of antibiotics gentamycin and streptomycin against the L. monocytogenes strains, the broth microdilution method and the MIC Test Strip. Our results indicated that the reference strain L. monocytogenes ATCC 19111 was much more sensitive to antibiotics than L. monocytogenes strains isolated from meat, highlighting that gentamycin was the more effective in comparison to streptomycin.



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