Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), ochratoxin A (OTA), zearalenone (ZON), deoxynivalenol (DON) and T-2 toxin are the most extensively studied toxic fungal metabolites. Once mycotoxins enter the food/feed production chain keeping their toxic characteristics, it is very difficult to remove or eliminate them. One of promising methods to reduce mycotoxins in contaminated food/feedstuffs is the use of mycotoxin binders. This paper presents the results of in vitro investigations of mineral mycotoxin binders (bentonite - BEN, diatomite – DIA and zeolite - ZEO), and organic mycotoxin binders - agricultural waste materials (Myriophillium spicatum, peach and sour cherry pits). Chemical compositions of the adsorbents have showed that they do not consist of elements toxic to the animals. Inorganic adsorbents (BEN, DIA and ZEO) tested in vitro were better binders of AFB1 (94.97% - 96.90%), while the biosorbents were more efficient in adsorption of OTA (19.98% - 66.66%), ZON (33.33% - 75.00%) and T-2 toxin (16.67% - 50.00%). Inorganic adsorbents and organic waste materials expressed similar binding capacity for DON in vitro, with the exception of M. spicatum that did not at all adsorb this type B trichothecene. Our results indicate that feed contamination with different types of mycotoxins might be diminished by a product that combines different inorganic and organic adsorbents with diverse mycotoxin binding properties.

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Food & Feed Research

IN VITRO REMOVING OF MYCOTOXINS BY USING DIFFERENT INORGANIC ADSORBENTS AND ORGANIC WASTE MATERIALS FROM SERBIA

DOI: UDK:
582.28:615.918:661.183
JOURNAL No:
Volume 45, Issue2
PAGES
87-96
KEYWORDS
mineral adsorbents, biosorbents, mycotoxins, in vitro binding
TOOLS Creative Commons License
Aleksandra S. Bočarov Stančić*1, Zorica R. Lopičić2, Marija I. Bodroža Solarov3, Slavica Ž. Stanković4, Snežana M. Janković1, Jelena V. Milojković2, Jelena A. Krulj3
1Bulevar Despota Stefana 68b, Serbia1 Institute for Science Application in Agriculture, 11000 Belgrade
2Franchet d' Esperey 86, Serbia2 Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw Materials, 11000 Belgrade
3Bulevar cara Lazara 1, Serbia3 University of Novi Sad, Institute of Food Technology, 21000 Novi Sad
4Maize Research Institute Zemun Polje, 11185 Belgrade, Slobodana Bajića 1, Serbia

ABSTRACT

Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), ochratoxin A (OTA), zearalenone (ZON), deoxynivalenol (DON) and T-2 toxin are the most extensively studied toxic fungal metabolites. Once mycotoxins enter the food/feed production chain keeping their toxic characteristics, it is very difficult to remove or eliminate them. One of promising methods to reduce mycotoxins in contaminated food/feedstuffs is the use of mycotoxin binders. This paper presents the results of in vitro investigations of mineral mycotoxin binders (bentonite - BEN, diatomite – DIA and zeolite - ZEO), and organic mycotoxin binders - agricultural waste materials (Myriophillium spicatum, peach and sour cherry pits). Chemical compositions of the adsorbents have showed that they do not consist of elements toxic to the animals. Inorganic adsorbents (BEN, DIA and ZEO) tested in vitro were better binders of AFB1 (94.97% - 96.90%), while the biosorbents were more efficient in adsorption of OTA (19.98% - 66.66%), ZON (33.33% - 75.00%) and T-2 toxin (16.67% - 50.00%). Inorganic adsorbents and organic waste materials expressed similar binding capacity for DON in vitro, with the exception of M. spicatum that did not at all adsorb this type B trichothecene. Our results indicate that feed contamination with different types of mycotoxins might be diminished by a product that combines different inorganic and organic adsorbents with diverse mycotoxin binding properties.




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