Food & Feed Research

NUTRITIONAL AND PHENOLIC PROFILE OF SMALL EDIBLE FUNGAL SPECIES COPRINELLUS DISSEMINATUS (PERS.) J.E. LANGE 1938

DOI: UDK:
635.8:577.12:665.12:547.568.5
JOURNAL No:
Volume 45, Issue2
PAGES
119-128
KEYWORDS
mushroom, proteins, amino acids, fatty acid profile, phenolic profile, mineral composition
TOOLS Creative Commons License
Aleksandra R. Novaković*1, Maja A. Karaman2, Ivan Lj. Milovanović1, Aleksandra M. Torbica1, Jelena M. Tomić1, Boris M. Pejin3, Marijana B. Sakač1
1 University of Novi Sad, Institute of Food Technology, 21000 Novi Sad, Bulevar cara Lazara 1, Serbia
2 University of Novi Sad, Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Sciences, 21000 Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 2, Serbia
3 University of Belgrade, Department of Life Sciences, Institute for Multidisciplinary Research (IMSI), 11030 Belgrade, Kneza Višeslava 1, Serbia

ABSTRACT

The aim of this work was to investigate nutritional profile in relation to proteins, amino acids, fatty acids and mineral composition, as well as phenolic profile of small edible fungal species Coprinellus disseminatus originated from Serbia. Total protein content in the analyzed fungal species was 9.72%. Fifteen protein fractions obtained by electrophoresis were identified in a range from 1.6 to 63.6 kDa. Chip-based separations showed the presence of protein fraction with molecular weight of 27.5 kDa that could possess antifungal activity. The total essential and non-essential amino acid contents were 29.57 and 96.69 mg/g DW, respectively. Among the essential amino acids, leucine was the most abundant. Fatty acid composition of C. disseminatus showed that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA, 59.1% of total FA) predominated over saturated fatty acids (SFA, 23.1% of total FA) and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA, 17.9% of total FA). The dominant fatty acids were linoleic acid (56.6%), palmitic acid (13.9%), and oleic acid (12.0%). The most abundant macroelement in C. disseminatus was potassium, followed by calcium and magnesium, while iron dominated in microelements. Eight phenolic compounds were quantified in methanolic extract of C. disseminatus by LC-MS/MS with the highest amount of p-hydroxybenzoic acid and p-coumaric acid reaching 9.46 ± 0.2 µg/g DW and 7.8 ± 0.1 µg/g DW, respectively.



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